DOURO





INFORMATIONS

Region: Douro
Country:
Portugal

DESCRIPTION


Portugal is a country of old wines, that holds all the requirements necessary for the production of great wines, since it has different climatic zones for each type of wine, fertile soils, and, an incredible diversity of varieties. One of the most famous cities of Portugal, and linked by the Douro, is the city of Porto, the region made famous by Port Wine.

At the end of the 15th Century, Lisbon was the centre of world trade. The great navigators spread a network of trade through, Africa, India and Brazil. In the last third of the 17th Century, English merchants, began once again to have Portuguese suppliers. First, Minho, where the mulled wine was cheaper, and then later, the Douro, where the wines were darker and stronger.

In 1703, the Methuen Treaty was signed, and in 1860, Portugal, was in a position to negotiate trade with England, as a result of being able to benefit from favourable custom duty conditions . In the 18th Century, the first merchant of Port Wine, was established in the north of Portugal. The high demand, caused a massive loss in the quality, and to regain confidence, the Companhia Geral dos Vinhos do Alto Douro, (General Company of the Alto Douro Wines), was founded by, Marquês de Pombal, in 1756, once again, stabilizing the quality and prices of Port Wine, and whereby, only the best wine was exported. One of the first measures taken by the company, was the designation of the production area. The Vineyards, were registered, to prevent fraud and to guarantee the origin. After the fall of Pombal, export volumes doubled.

Powdery Mildew and Phylloxera

Mildew appeared for the first time, in the Douro, in 1848, devastating the region between, 1851 to 1856, causing the reduction of yield numbers to half of that of the 1840s. Finally, the disease was brought under control, and new vineyards were planted. By the time past levels of production were attained, in 1868, Phylloxera appeared, and continued to spread throughout Portugal over the next 10 years.

Attacks on Policy

In 1933, Casa do Douro (House of Douro) was founded simultaneously with the Instituto do Vinho do Porto e Alianca, (Institute of Port Wine and Alianca), and the Port Wine Shippers Association, whose activities were coordinated. The IVP, monitored the quality of Port Wines, and controlled the amount of wine coming into the market. The Port Wine Institute, must protect the Brand, and should be responsible for its worldwide marketing.

Co-operatives created under Salazar, survived the revolution of 1974. This prohibited the direct commercialization by the producer of the vineyard, without the utilisation of an intermediary or middleman. To address this situation, Miguel Champalimaud played a part in the abolishment of the monopoly that had existed, in order that, more freedom of production existed, leading to the introduction of a free market.

On the 1 January 2004, a new official organisation was established, with the purpose of control and certification of sweet wines (Port Wine). This organisation is responsible for the Douro region.

PRODUCERS

Quinta do Crasto | Quinta do Portal | Quinta da Romaneira | Quinta do Javali | José Maria da Fonseca | Esporão


GRAPE VARIETIES

Red Grape Varieties
Alvarelhão | Bastardo | Cornifesto | Donzelinho Tinto | Malvasia Preta | Mourisco Tinto | Periquita | Rufete | Sousão | Tinta Amarela | Tinta da Barca | Tinta Barroca | Tinta Carvalha | Tinta Francisca | Tinta Roriz | Tinto Cão | Touriga Brasileira | Touriga Francesa | Touriga Nacional.


White Grape Varieties
Arinto | Boal | Branco sem nome | Cerceal | Códega | Dona Branca | Donzelinho Branco | Esgana Cão | Fernão Pires | Folgasão | Gouveio /Verdelho | Malvasia Corada | Malvasia Fina | Malvasia Parda | Moscatel Galego | Rabigato | Rabo de Ovelha | Samarrinho | Viosinho.



About

Gomes Weine imports wines from Portugal, Spain and France, and possess over 30 years of experience in their commercialisation. Superior quality is what you can expect, and what differentiates the wines, of Gomes Weine, given that, they originated from the best producers, and were created by renowned wine makers.

Tel:
++41 61 303 04 50
Fax: 
++41 61 303 04 54

   
E-mail
gomesweine@gomes-weine.ch
   
Business hours
Monday - Friday: 09:00 - 12:00 and 14.00 – 18.30
Saturday: 10.00 – 16.00
By arrangement