ALENTEJO





INFORMATIONS

Region: Alentejo
Country:
Portugal

DESCRIPTION


Alentejo has the form of a vast plain, with its elongated hills, here and there, covered by oak, olive and cork forests. The properties in Alentejo are called Herdades do Monte (Mount Estates), and are generally built on small hills. These properties are often located in single-storey areas, with a white painted residential building, in which we can find a courtyard in the center, surrounded by farm buildings, stables and a corral. In the garden, one can normally find some old trees that provide shade, which seek to protect humans and animals of the extremely high summer temperatures.

 Alentejo is the largest province of Portugal. This region is bounded on the north by the Tagus River (Rio Tejo), northeast by the Spanish Estremadura, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by Spain and on the south by Algarve. This province is divided into four groups: Alto Alentejo, Alentejo Central, Baixo Alentejo and Alentejo Litoral.

Alentejo Central is the most important in terms of viticulture. Included in this group are the districts of Borba, Redondo, Reguengos, Évora and parts of  Granja/Amareleja. The Alentejo wine region finds itself in an Iberian-Mediterranean area, where the Mediterranean climatic conditions exert a strong influence on the continent.


The climate is characterized by extremely hot and dry summers. The annual average temperature is 15.5° C, with a maximum average of 20.5° C to 21° C (maximum of 42.1° C) and an average low of 11° C to 11.5° C (minimum of 5° C). In the quarter preceding the harvest, temperatures are very high, which helps the process of maturation of the grapes. The conditions are extremely advantageous to the synthesis and accumulation of glucose and pigment concentration in grape skins. In turn, the rainfall is concentrated in the winter months.


Permanent crops consist mainly of olive trees, followed by vineyards. Although the area dedicated to viticulture is relatively small, in comparison to other regions, economically it is very important, as it is the main source of income for the local wine producers. The bottom part of the wine region, initiallyconsisted of granite, mixed, sometimes with slate and quartz, and the region around Borba and Moura consisted, dominantly of lime. In general, the soils are of average or low fertility.



PORTALEGRE

The Portalegre region is quite different from other wine regions of Alentejo and the hills of São Mamede, as forests and agriculture provide a favorable microclimate specific to the vineyards.



BORBA (ESTREMOZ)

The Borba wine region is large, being famous for its marble quarries, whose stones were formerly used for mills. The predominant substrate is crystalline lime. In addition, there are several stretches of reddish slate.



REGUENGOS

This wine region is based mainly in granite floors, although slate is found to also exist in some parts. The climate is continental, with cold and dry winters and summers with very high temperatures. Sunstroke is 3000 hours per year. The soil and climate conditions combine really well, with varieties of quality wines.

Alentejo cuisine is nutritious. In a possible meal, we can find sheep's cheese; salted milk; cracked pepper; olive oil; ham with homemade bread; bread soup with oregano, tomato and purslane; hard-boiled eggs; steamed fish; pork. A local specialty is the "miga”.

 

PRODUCERS

José Maria da Fonseca | Esporão | Bacalhôa Vinhos | Quinta do Mouro | Adega do Monte Branco | Mouchão | Susana Esteban | Cartuxa | Malhadinha Nova


GRAPE VARIETIES

Red Grape Varieties
Trincadeira | Aragonês | Touriga Nacional | Alicante Bouschet | Grand Noir | Cabernet Sauvignon | Syrah u.a.

White Grape Varieties
Arinto | Roupeiro | Antão Vaz | Rabo de Ovelha | Viognier | Chardonnay u.a.


 

About

Gomes Weine imports wines from Portugal, Spain and France, and possess over 30 years of experience in their commercialisation. Superior quality is what you can expect, and what differentiates the wines, of Gomes Weine, given that, they originated from the best producers, and were created by renowned wine makers.

Tel:
++41 61 303 04 50
Fax: 
++41 61 303 04 54

   
E-mail
gomesweine@gomes-weine.ch
   
Business hours
Monday - Friday: 09:00 - 12:00 and 14.00 – 18.30
Saturday: 10.00 – 16.00
By arrangement